Archive | April, 2011

Causes of Dry Eye

26 Apr

Severe chronic dry eye is a dehydration disease with multiple causes, linked to age, gender, hormones and environmental conditions.

The causes of dry eye disease are multiple, complex and not completely understood. Because of the rapid worldwide increase in dry eye disease and other dehydration diseases, especially severe chronic dry eye, tear film research discoveries are now isolating the physical, demographic and environmental causes of this potentially sight threatening and life threatening condition.

Nearly everyone experiences occasional, transient dry eye and tear film water loss. It is estimated that 40 million Americans suffer from dry eye disease or dry eye syndrome. Dry eye symptoms are the #1 reason for eye doctor visits in the United States. Worldwide, especially in countries where medical facilities are poor, dry air is a problem, water is scarce or unsafe and air pollution is far worse, dry eye – and dehydration diseases resulting from dry eye and tear film water loss – is a leading cause of impaired eyesight, preventable blindness and even death.

Some common causes of dry eye:

  • Dry eye and environment/dry air/air pollution
  • Dry eye and blepharitis
  • Dry eye and age
  • Dry eye and moisture evaporation
  • Dry eye and hormonal flux
  • Dry eye and denervation
  • Dry eye and contact lenses
  • Dry eye and menopause
  • Dry eye and Lasik surgery
  • Dry eye and autoimmune dysfunction
  • Dry eye and basement membrane dystrophy

CONTACT:

Bio-Logic Aqua Research – Rogue Media Division.
1-800-FOR-MIST (367-6478)
RogueMedia@biologicaquaresearch.com
www.sharonkleynehour.com
whatistheeye.wordpress.com
www.biologicqua.com

Dry Eye Zone on Sharon Kleyne Hour

14 Apr

Rebecca Petris Talks with Sharon Kleyne about Severe, Chronic Dry Eye Disease

Sharon Kleyne Hour – Power of Water ®show of April 11, 2011.

This is a paraphrased summary of an interview on the Sharon Kleyne Hour – Power of Water Internet radio talk show on World Talk Radio, Apple iTunes and Green Talk Network. Sharon Kleyne is an internationally recognized entrepreneur, water and health advocate, and Founder of Bio-Logic Aqua Research and Save a Child’s Life Foundation. To hear the complete show, go to http://www.SharonKleyneHour.com

Guest: Rebecca Petris, founder of http://www.DryEyeZone.com.

Severe chronic dry eye.

Dry eye disease is a growing worldwide health crisis. Eighty-percent of US eye doctor visits now involve dry eye symptoms. How debilitating can dry eye disease become? Rebecca Petris, founder of http://www.DryEyeZone.com, has been there.

Rebecca Petris developed severe chronic dry eye disease following Lasik surgery in 2001. The resulting severe pain affected every hour of every day and forced her to change careers. In her search for relief, she was appalled by the paucity of information and treatment options (Click for Sharon’s 7/20/08 interview with Lasik pioneer Dr. Marguerite McDonald).

When Rebecca’s search for causes and treatment options hit an impasse, she founded the Dry Eye Zone in 2005 as a forum for others suffering from severe Lasik complications. She soon discovered many desperate severe chronic dry eye patients who never had Lasik, including the. elderly, contact lens wearers, cosmetic eyelid surgery patients and users of the acne drug Accutane.

Dry Eye Zone visitors, according to Rebecca, are terrified of either losing their vision or going through life with constant pain. They seek hope.

In recent years, Rebecca and Sharon both report, the causes of dry eye disease has become better understood (dry eye can begin at birth) and education is more readily available. There are no end of new treatment options with more on the way. However, much remains to be done.

Causes, symptoms and treatment Continue reading

New York Eye Doctor on Dry Eye – Part 1

12 Apr

Sharon Kleyne interviews Dr. Robert Latkany, whose New York practice is limited to dry eye

This is a paraphrased summary of an interview on the Sharon Kleyne Hour – Power of Water Internet radio talk show on World Talk Radio, Apple iTunes and Green Talk Network. Sharon Kleyne is an internationally recognized entrepreneur, water and health advocate, and Founder of Bio-Logic Aqua Research and Save a Child’s Life Foundation. To hear the complete show, go to http://www.SharonKleyneHour.com

Guest: Dr. Robert Latkany (New York, NY), Ophthalmologist, author of The Dry Eye Remedy.

Sharon Kleyne: Dr. Robert Latkany is a New York eye doctor (ophthalmologist) who devotes his entire medical practice to dry eye disease. Dr. Latkany, I know that dry eye symptoms are the most common reason for ophthalmologist visits. Tell us why, as a New York eye doctor, you decided to treat only dry eye.

Dr. Latkany: Millions of people suffer from dry eye, and many more have dry eye but don’t know it. Dry eye is also one a common reason people see allergists. Specializing in dry eye isn’t as glamorous as LASIK surgery but it affects a lot more people. Many patients are surprised when told they have dry eye and it’s often misdiagnosed as an allergy or infection

S: What are some dry eye symptoms?

L: The main complaint is intermittent blurred vision. Also itching and burning eyes, redness, irritation, drowsiness, anxiety and increased sensitivity to allergies. Symptoms can be debilitating and scary. Our eyes are not well protected and a lot of diseases – both of the eyes and body – can enter via the eyes, especially if the tear film is unhealthy. Also, over 100 prescription drugs can cause dry eye, including allergy, thyroid, blood pressure and anti-psychotic medications. Continue reading

New Eye Research Discoveries for Dry Eye

11 Apr

New Application Method for Dry Eye Treatment

When Nature’s Tears EyeMist was introduced in 2004, a promise was made. Bio-Logic Aqua Research, the company behind the all-natural water mist treatment for dry eyes, assured thousands of doctors, patients and the public that they would, “continue to conduct eye research to discover new applications and benefits of Nature’s Tears EyeMist for dry eye.”

Since the product’s introduction in 2004, the all-natural water mist for dry eye has offered a new paradigm for the treatment of dry eye disease. Dry eye symptoms are the number one reason for eye doctor visits in the United States and dry eye can be debilitating and sight-threatening.

Recently, Bio-Logic Aqua Research Founder Sharon Kleyne announced that the company’s ongoing dry eye research has produced a new application method for patients with severe chronic dry eye or who find themselves in a high risk environment for severe eye irritation. The newly discovered application method supplements the original directions of application.

The original directions of application could not be easier:

Hold the mist applicator eight to twelve inches from the face, press the actuator button on top of the can to release the gentle mist, and move the can around the eye area in a two-second sweep.

Dry eye researchers at Bio-Logic Aqua Research have discovered that there is an increased benefit to gently pulling down the lower eyelid with your finger when applying Nature’s Tears EyeMist, spraying the mist from six to eight inches away for two seconds, and repeating this on the other eye (Do not put your finger in your eye). Continue reading

Food for the Eyes

11 Apr

Sharon Kleyne talks to Dr. Allen Taylor about diet, nutrition, water and eyesight

This is a paraphrased summary of an interview on the Sharon Kleyne Hour – Power of Water Internet radio talk show on World Talk Radio, Apple iTunes and Green Talk Network. Sharon Kleyne is an internationally recognized entrepreneur, water and health advocate, and Founder of Bio-Logic Aqua Research and Save a Child’s Life Foundation. To hear the complete show, go to http://www.SharonKleyneHour.com

Guest: Allen Taylor, Ph D. (Boston, MA), Laboratory for Nutrition and Vision Research, Tufts University.

Dr. Allen Taylor, a chemist, became interested in eyesight while researching the molecular structure of the eyes’ cornea and lenses. The cornea and lens are living tissues but they lack blood vessels and when healthy, are absolutely clear so that light can enter the eye. This research led Allen Taylor to an interest in diet, nutrition and eyesight, and to the Tufts University Laboratory for Nutrition and Vision.

According to Dr. Taylor, “There is more to good vision than just eating carrots.” The goal of his food and nutrition research is to prolong vision. By taking care of your eyes and eating the correct “eye foods,” you can lessen the chances of age-related eye diseases such as macular degeneration, cataracts and chronic dry eye. Improved diet and nutrition also prolongs health and life.

Sharon Kleyne noted that age related macular degeneration is increasing and is expected to be out of control by 2030. The computer age is not helping. She also noted that water is one of the most important eye foods. Continue reading

Inflammation of the Eyelids

8 Apr

Sharon Kleyne’s interview with Marguerite McDonald, MD, on Eyelid Inflammation and Dry Eye

Guest: Marguerite McDonald, MD (New York, NY), Ophthalmologist and LASIK pioneer.

This is a paraphrased summary of an interview on the Sharon Kleyne Hour – Power of Water Internet radio talk show on World Talk Radio, Apple iTunes and Green Talk Network. Sharon Kleyne is an internationally recognized entrepreneur, water and health advocate, and Founder of Bio-Logic Aqua Research and Save a Child’s Life Foundation. To hear the complete show, go to http://www.SharonKleyneHour.com

LASIK pioneer and ophthalmologist Marguerite McDonald, MD, appeared as Sharon Kleyne’s guest on the Sharon Kleyne Hour – Power of Water radio show. She presented information about dry eye disease, especially as it relates to inflammation of the eyelid and blepharitis, which are frequently overlooked in dry eye research.

According to Dr. Marguerite McDonald, 20 to 30 million people in the United States show symptoms of early stage dry eye disease. Six million US women and three million men suffer from chronic dry eye. The incidence of dry eye increases with age. Dry eye is also a side effect of numerous medications. Modern, climate controlled, energy efficient buildings can also contribute to dry eye.

Computers also contribute to dry eye. When working at a computer, the eyes’ natural blink rate may drop from 20 to 40 times a minute to three times a minute. Other factors that can dehydrate the eyes’ tear film include arthritis, gout, eye surgery, poor nutrition, not drinking enough water, low thyroid, not enough sleep, contact lenses and topical eye medications. Eyelid blink disturbance cause by strokes and other diseases can also result in dry eye.

A disease called “blepharitis” which is inflammation of the eyelids, can also contribute to dry eye symptoms. The eyelids are home to the meibomian glands, which secrete oil (lipid) onto the tear film. This oil, among other things, prevents the water in the tear film from evaporating. Should eyelid inflammation affect the proper functioning of the meibomian glands, as it often does, the tear film water evaporation rate can increase dramatically, resulting in dry eye disease. Continue reading

100 U.S. Cities Are Dry Eye Hot Spots

7 Apr

The National Women’s Health Resource Center’s Study of Dry Eye Risk in U.S. Cities.

Beth Battaglino Cahill (Red Bank, NJ), Executive Director of the National Woman’s Health Resource Center.

This is a paraphrased summary of an interview on the Sharon Kleyne Hour – Power of Water Internet radio talk show on World Talk Radio, Apple iTunes and Green Talk Network. Sharon Kleyne is an internationally recognized entrepreneur, water and health advocate, and Founder of Bio-Logic Aqua Research and Save a Child’s Life Foundation. To hear the complete show, go to http://www.SharonKleyneHour.com

Sharon Kleyne: In the United States, an estimated 20 million people have chronic dry eye. In China and many other countries, the percentage is much higher. On balance, the situation in the U.S. isn’t bad but it could be much better. Our first guest is Beth Cahill, Executive Director of the National Woman’s Health Resource Center. Her group recently sponsored a study of the top 100 US cities whose environments make them dry eye “hot spots.” Beth, tell us about the dry eye problem, which is now main reason for eye doctor visits in the U.S. Continue reading

Women, Menopause and Dry Eye

6 Apr

Dr. Laurie Barber on Menopause and the Tear Film

Guest: Laurie Barber, MD (Little Rock, AR), Professor of Ophthalmology, University of Arkansas.

This is a paraphrased summary of an interview on the Sharon Kleyne Hour – Power of Water Internet radio talk show on World Talk Radio, Apple iTunes and Green Talk Network. Sharon Kleyne is an internationally recognized entrepreneur, water and health advocate, and Founder of Bio-Logic Aqua Research and Save a Child’s Life Foundation. To hear the complete show, go to http://www.SharonKleyneHour.com

Dr. Laurie Barber, Professor of Ophthalmology at the University of Arkansas, is a well known dry eye specialist. For the last ten years, she has focused on dry eye and corneal inflammation. If the tear film is healthy, the eye is likely to be healthy. But there are many important substances in the tear film aside from salt water – hormones, antibodies, mucins, lipids and so forth.

In younger people, according to Dr. Barber, there are few dry eye symptoms. After age 35 or so, we sometimes lose the ability to keep the tear film healthy without helping it along. This is more the case with women than men. Dry eye after age 35 is believed caused by a drop-off in androgen, a male hormone. This occurs in both men and women. Dry eye symptoms include burning, itching, irritated, red eyes, blurred vision and. eye fatigue.

Regarding contact lenses, teenagers can usually physically tolerate them but may not be responsible enough to maintain them and keep them clean. Doctors are seeing an increase in corneal fungus and dry eye caused by dirty contact lenses. Continue reading

ORBIS International and Pediatric Eye Care

6 Apr

Sight Preservation in Children around the World

Guest: Gene Helveston, M.D., (Bloomington, IN), Professor Emeritus of Ophthalmology at Indiana University and a staff member of ORBIS International

This is a paraphrased summary of an interview on the Sharon Kleyne Hour – Power of Water Internet radio talk show on World Talk Radio, Apple iTunes and Green Talk Network. Sharon Kleyne is an internationally recognized entrepreneur, water and health advocate, and Founder of Bio-Logic Aqua Research and Save a Child’s Life Foundation. To hear the complete show, go to http://www.SharonKleyneHour.com

Sharon Kleyn: Dr. Eugene Helveston is a retired Ophthalmology Professor at Indiana University Medical School. Since 2000, he has volunteered for ORBIS International, which conducts pediatric eye care screening, training and sight preservation programs in third world countries. Does ORBIS have programs in the US, Dr. Helveston?

Dr. Eugene Helveston: Only recruitment programs. We enlist eye care professionals to travel overseas to help reduce eye diseases such as dry eye and preventable blindness.

S: What is the status of eye care education and children’s sight preservation worldwide?

E: Most children are born with normal vision but immature eyes. Development takes place rapidly and naturally and parents usually don’t pay much attention. But things can go wrong very fast. Parents must be educated to detect eye health problems early, such as poor vision and dry eye.

S: What are the signals of good eyesight in newborns?

E: The cornea should be naturally clear, glistening and bright, with no mucus or mottled spots. The tear film should look normal, with no dry eye symptoms.

S: Explain about the tear film.

E: The tear film is the primary vehicle for moistening and light refraction and it maintains perfect eye clarity. It should contain sufficient natural water not look dry or mottled, which are symptoms of dry eye. Very few parents are aware of this.

S: What are other things to look for?

E: A white reflection appearing inside the eye, called a “cat’s eye.” This is the earliest sign of retinal blastoma and it infects one in 18,000 to 20,000 children. It not only causes blindness, it is lethal if not treated.

S: Are there dry eye or vision symptoms related to the skin around the eye?

E: Yes, especially in older children, toddlers and preschoolers. Parents should look for squinting and trouble seeing but may miss this because to the child, this is perfectly normal.

S: Yes, we interviewed Dr. Marguerite McDonald a few weeks ago, who said that she was nearly blind as a child but was able to compensate and it was two years before her parents noticed.

E: That’s common. I’ve often fitted children with glasses and had them tell me that they never noticed tree leaves before.

S: What should US parents look for?

E: Eyes should be symmetrical and moist, with no signs of dry eye or abnormality. They should focus within a few weeks and be able to follow a finger. The child should be aware of their environment. There should be no excessive tears, and no cataracts or tumors. Visual acuity should be checked fairly young.

S: Tell us more about ORBIS.

E: One-half of the world’s 160,000 ophthalmologists live in developed countries. The other half are in dire need of equipment, education and a more enlightened population. ORBIS has permanent staff in India, Viet Nam, Bangladesh, China and Ethiopia. We also operate the “Flying Eye Hospital,” a DC-10 airliner. In each country, we put together an educational and service sight preservation program to meet local needs needs.

S: What have you learned about eye care and dry eye China?

E: The natural incidence of nearsightedness in Chinese children is much higher than in the US – about 15%. This may be genetic, or it may be environmental or cultural.

S: Or it could be due to dry eye from dry air and extreme pollution. What do you do for ORBIS?

E: I set up standards of care, locate equipment, and select key doctors in target countries to train in modern sight preservation practice and diagnosis.

S: Is the US the most advanced country for eye care?

E: Without question.

S: Is increasing dry air and dry eye a factor in the third world countries?

E: It can be. In Nepal, for example, the elevation of many towns is over 10,000 feet, so air is naturally very dry and dry eye is common. Altitude and dry air can affect vision and accelerate childhood eye diseases.

S: One of my eye health recommendations is to drink sufficient natural water to prevent dry eye. Do you have any nutritional advice?

E: The majority of preventable blindness, which can be as much as 75% of all blindness, has to do with vitamin A deficiency. This is most common in sub-Saharan Africa, India and China.

S: What are some vitamin A foods?

E: Natural foods such as whole grain rice, fresh vegetables, whole wheat. Rubella vaccinations are also important. Folk remedies such as rubbing mud in the eyes should be avoided.

CONTACT:

Bio-Logic Aqua Research – Rogue Media Division.
1-800-FOR-MIST (367-6478)
RogueMedia@biologicaquaresearch.com
www.sharonkleynehour.com
whatistheeye.wordpress.com
www.biologicqua.com

Lasik Eye Surgeon Marguerite McDonald, on Eye Care

5 Apr

The Latest on Eye Care, Sight Preservation and Dry Eye

Guest: Dr. Marguerite McDonald (New York, NY), Ophthalmologist, refractive eye surgeon and LASIK pioneer.

This is a paraphrased summary of an interview on the Sharon Kleyne Hour – Power of Water Internet radio talk show on World Talk Radio, Apple iTunes and Green Talk Network. Sharon Kleyne is an internationally recognized entrepreneur, water and health advocate, and Founder of Bio-Logic Aqua Research and Save a Child’s Life Foundation. To hear the complete show, go to http://www.SharonKleyneHour.com

Sharon Kleyne: Dr. Marguerite McDonald is a refractive eye surgeon and Clinical Professor of Ophthalmology at New York University. Dr. McDonald, how did you become interested in eyes?

Dr. Marguerite McDonald: I was severely visually impaired as a child and never saw my mother’s entire face until I was five. From that day on, I was fascinated by eyes. Years later, as an ophthalmologist, I became interested in refractive surgery as a way to permanently repair vision. I participated in the development of laser eye surgery and performed the very first laser eye surgery, in New Orleans, in 1987.

S: What was wrong with your eyes?

M: I was extremely nearsighted. To see something clearly, I had to get within an inch so I rarely saw the whole object. However, I was also extremely bright so I could compensate. My parents never knew about my eye problem until I was five.

S: How did they find out?

M: I was in a shopping mall and fell into a pool that I didn’t see and nearly drowned. My parents were dumbfounded that I hadn’t seen the pool. That’s when I finally got glasses.

S: I’ve always felt that eyes are the most important organ in relating to the outside world. And yet there is far less education available on eye care than most other health areas.

M: Studies show that Americans know virtually nothing about eye care and sight preservation. That’s why I support the American Academy of Ophthalmology’s “EyeSmart” campaign. The Academy recommends a dilated eye exam at age 40 no matter how good your vision is.

S: What should a parent with a new baby look for regarding eye care?

M: Better hospitals routinely test infant vision. All babies should have an eye exam because with conditions such as lazy eye, pediatric cataract (one birth in 50) or glaucoma, the earlier they are caught, the easier they are to correct

S: Could you talk about eyes and the brain?

M: Technically, the retina is part of the brain. Eye-to-brain pathways begin developing immediately after birth and it is critical that the baby’s eyes send correct messages.

S: Do infants ever have dry eye symptoms?

M: Rarely. And it is difficult to detect. However, pediatric medications for asthma and coughs are dehydrating and can cause dry eye. In adults, of course, it is estimated that 40,000,000 people suffer from serious, chronic dry eye.

S: What do you recommend for school children with eye complaints?

M: Schools can detect poor eyesight because all you need is an eye chart. Diseases such as dry eye or glaucoma are harder to detect.

S: Have you encountered computer vision syndrome or computer dry eye in your practice?

M: Frequently. When you work at a computer, your blink rate can drop from 30 to 40 times a minute to as low as three, resulting in dry eye symptoms.

S: What do you recommend for computer vision syndrome?

M: Move the desk chair up or the computer down so there is a 15-20 degree angle between the eye and the screen, with the screen lower. That way, eyelids are partially closed when viewing the screen. Also, take a break every 45 minutes and look at far objects. Artificial tears and a natural eye mist can be a big help.

S: Are there other eye related occupational health hazards?

M: Dry eye can greatly affect night driving. Vision drops and the risk of accident is greater.

S: Could you review the symptoms of dry eye?

M: Red eyes, fluctuating blurred vision that improves when you blink, slight itching, drowsiness, and a need to press down on your eyelids. Excessive tearing can also be a symptom. Eyes usually feel OK in the morning but as they lose water during the day, tiny ulcerations develop on the cornea, which causes reflex tearing. Reflex tears protect eyes from infection and improves eyesight but it is far better if your regular tear film does this.

S: What about nutrition and eye health?

M: Natural dark green leafy vegetables, dark fruits such as blueberries, cold water fish and flaxseed oil are all excellent for eye health. As a bonus, they are also all rich in antioxidants.

S: What is the latest in refractive surgery?

M: Laser eye surgery is now in its 20th year and LASIK has evolved into “All-Laser LASIK,” which is simpler and safer. The procedure improves night vision and usually makes your vision better without glasses than it was with glasses.

S: Good eyesight is crucial to US troops so the procedure could save lives.

M: Definitely. There have also been exciting sight preservation advances in interocular lens implants, that improve both far and near vision. The new lenses, which go by a number of names (such as “Re-Zoom”), decrease the need for reading glasses by 90%. They are in focus at all distances and under all lighting conditions. They are often implanted during cataract surgery. You can also go in for a LASIK “touch-up” if your vision still isn’t perfect.

CONTACT:

Bio-Logic Aqua Research – Rogue Media Division.
1-800-FOR-MIST (367-6478)
RogueMedia@biologicaquaresearch.com
www.sharonkleynehour.com
whatistheeye.wordpress.com
www.biologicqua.com